Fischer, Erich Markus, Dr.

Dr.  Erich Markus Fischer

Dr. Erich Markus Fischer

Institut für Atmosphäre und Klima 

CHN  N 16.2 

Universitätstrasse 16

8092 Zürich


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  • phone (Sec.) +41 44 632 82 79 
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Research interests

  • Climate and weather extremes (Mechanisms, observations, attribution and projection)
  • Heavy rainfall events under climate change
  • Heatwaves and heat stress impacts on human health
  • Climate projections and quantification of uncertainties
  • European climate response to volcanic eruptions

Key publications

  • Medhaug, I., M. Stolpe, E. M. Fischer, R. Knutti (2017), Reconciling controversies about the ‘global warming hiatus’, Nature545 (7652), 41-47 [PDF]
  • Pfahl, S., P. O'Gorman, E. M. Fischer (2017), Understanding the regional pattern of projected future changes in extreme precipitation, Nature Climate Change, 7, (6), 423-427 [PDF] [Supplementary]
  • Fischer, E. M., and R. Knutti (2016), Observed heavy precipitation increase confirms theory and early models, Nature Climate Change, 6, 986-991 [PDF][Supplementary]
  • Fischer, E. M., and R. Knutti (2015), Anthropogenic contribution to global occurrence of heavy-precipitation and high-temperature extremes, Nature Climate Change, 5 (6), 560 [PDF][Supplementary]
  • Fischer, E. M., U. Beyerle, and R. Knutti (2013), Robust spatially aggregated projections of climate extremes, Nature Climate Change, 3 (12), 1033-1038 [PDF]
  • Fischer, E. M., and R. Knutti (2013), Robust projections of combined humidity and temperature extremes, Nature Climate Change, 3 (2), 126-130 [PDF]
  • Fischer, E. M., and C. Schär (2010), Consistent geographical patterns of changes in high-impact European heatwaves, Nature Geoscience, 3 (6), 398-403. [PDF]
  • Barriopedro, D., E. M. Fischer, J. Luterbacher, R. Trigo, and R. Garcia-Herrera (2011), The Hot Summer of 2010: Redrawing the Temperature Record Map of Europe, Science, 332 (6026), 220-224. [PDF]

Other journal publications

(see also Google Scholar, ResearchID, and Researchgate)

  • Schleussner, C.F., Pfleiderer, P. and E. M. Fischer (2017), In the observational record half a degree matters, Nature Climate Change7 [PDF] 
  • Dahinden, F., Fischer, E.M., Knutti, R., (2017). Future local climate unlike currently observed anywhere. Environmental Research Letters, 12, ​​doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa75d7.
  • Borodina, A., Fischer, E.M., Knutti, R., (2017). Emergent Constraints in Climate Projections: A Case Study of Changes in High-Latitude Temperature Variability. J Climate, 30 (10), 3655-3670.
  • Knutti, R., Sedlacek, J., Sanderson, B.M., Lorenz, R., Fischer, E.M. and Eyring, V., (2017). A climate model projection weighting scheme accounting for performance and interdependence. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(4), pp.1909-1918.
  • Gibson, P.B., Perkins‐Kirkpatrick, S. E., Alexander, L.A. and Fischer, E.M., (2017). Comparing Australian heatwaves in the CMIP5 models through cluster analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1002/2016JD025878.
  • Perkins-Kirkpatrick, S.E., Fischer, E.M., and Angelil, O., (2017): The influence of internal climate variability on heatwave frequency trends. Environmental Research Letters, 12, 4, ​​doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa63fe.
  • Mitchell, D., AchutaRao, K., Allen, M., Bethke, I., Beyerle, U., Ciavarella, A., Forster, P. M., Fuglestvedt, J., Gillett, N., Haustein, K., Ingram, W., Iversen, T., Kharin, V., Klingaman, N., Massey, N., Fischer, E., Schleussner, C.-F., Scinocca, J., Seland, Ø., Shiogama, H., Shuckburgh, E., Sparrow, S., Stone, D., Uhe, P., Wallom, D., Wehner, M., and Zaaboul, R., (2017). Half a degree additional warming, prognosis and projected impacts (HAPPI): background and experimental design, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 571-583, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-571-2017.
  • Knutti, R., J. Rogelj, J. Sedlacek, and E. M. Fischer (2016), A scientific critique of the two-degree climate change target, Nature Geoscience, 9(1), 13-.
  • Schleussner, C.F., J. Rogelj, M. Schaeffer, T. Lissner, R. Licker, E.M. Fischer, R. Knutti, R., A. Levermann, K. Frieler, K. and W. Hare (2016), Science and policy characteristics of the Paris Agreement temperature goal. Nature Climate Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate3096.
  • Saffioti, C., E. M. Fischer, S. C. Scherrer, and R. Knutti (2016), Reconciling observed and modeled temperature and precipitation trends over Europe by adjusting for circulation variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL069802.
  • Kröner, N., S. Kotlarski, E. M. Fischer, D. Lüthi, E. Zubler, and C. Schär (2016), Separating climate change signals into thermodynamic, lapse-rate and circulation effects: theory and application to the European summer climate, Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3276-3
  • Schleussner, C.-F., T.K. Lissner, E.M. Fischer, J. Wohland, M. Perrette, A. Golly, J. Rogelj, K. Childers, J. Schewe, K. Frieler, and M. Mengel, (2016), Differential climate impacts for policy-relevant limits to global warming: the case of 1.5 degrees C and 2 degrees C, Earth System Dynamics, 7(2), 327-351.
  • Harrington, L. J., D. J. Frame, E. M. Fischer, E. Hawkins, M. Joshi, and C. D. Jones (2016), Poorest countries experience earlier anthropogenic emergence of daily temperature extremes, Environmental Research Letters, 11(5).
  • Schär, C., N. Ban, E.M. Fischer, J. Rajczak, J. Schmidli, C. Frei, F. Giorgi, T.R. Karl, E.J. Kendon, A.M.K. Tank, and P.A. O’Gorman (2016), Percentile indices for assessing changes in heavy precipitation events, Climatic Change, 137(1-2), 201-216.
  • King, A. D., M. T. Black, S.-K. Min, E. M. Fischer, D. M. Mitchell, L. J. Harrington, and S. E. Perkins-Kirkpatrick (2016), Emergence of heat extremes attributable to anthropogenic influences, Geophysical Research Letters, 43(7), 3438-3443.
  • Scherrer, S. C., E. M. Fischer, R. Posselt, M. A. Liniger, M. Croci-Maspoli, and R. Knutti (2016), Emerging trends in heavy precipitation and hot temperature extremes in Switzerland, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 121(6), 2626-2637.
  • King, A. D., M. G. Donat, E. M. Fischer, E. Hawkins, L. V. Alexander, D. J. Karoly, A. J. Dittus, S. C. Lewis, and S. E. Perkins (2015), The timing of anthropogenic emergence in simulated climate extremes, Environmental Research Letters, 10(9), 094015 (094019 pp.).
  • Russo, S., J. Sillmann, and E. M. Fischer (2015), Top ten European heatwaves since 1950 and their occurrence in the coming decades, Environmental Research Letters, 10(12).
  • Saffioti, C., E. M. Fischer, and R. Knutti (2015), Contributions of atmospheric circulation variability and data coverage bias to the warming hiatus, Geophysical Research Letters, 42(7), 2385-2391.
  • Addor, N., and E. M. Fischer (2015), The influence of natural variability and interpolation errors on bias characterization in RCM simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 120(19).
  • Fischer, E. M., and R. Knutti (2014), Detection of spatially aggregated changes in temperature and precipitation extremes, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), 547-554.
  • Fischer, E. M., J. Sedlacek, E. Hawkins, and R. Knutti (2014), Models agree on forced response pattern of precipitation and temperature extremes, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(23), 8554-8562.
  • Fischer, E. M. (2014), CLIMATE SCIENCE Autopsy of two mega-heatwaves, Nature Geoscience, 7(5), 332-333.
  • Fischer, E. M., and R. Knutti (2014), IMPACTS Heated debate on cold weather, Nature Climate Change, 4(7), 537-538.
  • Wuebbles, D., et al. (2014), CMIP5 CLIMATE MODEL ANALYSES Climate Extremes in the United States, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95(4), 571-583.
  • Lustenberger, A., R. Knutti, and E. M. Fischer (2014a), Sensitivity of European extreme daily temperature return levels to projected changes in mean and variance, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 119(6), 3032-3044.
  • Lustenberger, A., R. Knutti, and E. M. Fischer (2014b), The potential of pattern scaling for projecting temperature-related extreme indices, International Journal of Climatology, 34(1), 18-26.
  • Buentgen, U., F. Martinez-Pena, J. Aldea, A. Rigling, E. M. Fischer, J. J. Camarero, M. J. Hayes, V. Fatton, and S. Egli (2013), Declining pine growth in Central Spain coincides with increasing diurnal temperature range since the 1970s, Global and Planetary Change, 107, 177-185.
  • Kopparla, P., E. M. Fischer, C. Hannay, and R. Knutti (2013), Improved simulation of extreme precipitation in a high-resolution atmosphere model, Geophysical Research Letters, 40(21), 5803-5808.
  • Perkins, S. E., and E. M. Fischer (2013), The usefulness of different realizations for the model evaluation of regional trends in heat waves, Geophysical Research Letters, 40(21), 5793-5797.
  • Fischer, E. M., J. Rajczak, and C. Schaer (2012a), Changes in European summer temperature variability revisited, Geophysical Research Letters, 39.
  • Fischer, E. M., K. W. Oleson, and D. M. Lawrence (2012b), Contrasting urban and rural heat stress responses to climate change, Geophysical Research Letters, 39.
  • Buentgen, U., S. Egli, J. J. Camarero, E. M. Fischer, U. Stobbe, H. Kauserud, W. Tegel, L. Sproll, and N. C. Stenseth (2012), CORRESPONDENCE: Drought-induced decline in Mediterranean truffle harvest, Nature Climate Change, 2(12), 827-829.
  • Fischer, E. M., D. M. Lawrence, and B. M. Sanderson (2011), Quantifying uncertainties in projections of extremes-a perturbed land surface parameter experiment, Climate Dynamics, 37(7-8), 1381-1398.
  • Garcia-Herrera, R., J. Diaz, R. Trigo, J. Luterbacher, and E.M. Fischer (2010), A Review of the European Summer Heat Wave of 2003, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 40(4), 267-306.
  • Fischer, E.M., and C. Schär (2009), Future changes in daily summer temperature variability: driving processes and role for temperature extremes, Climate Dynamics, 33(7-8), 917-935.
  • Fischer, E.M., S. Seneviratne, D. Luthi, and C. Schär (2007a), Contribution of land-atmosphere coupling to recent European summer heat waves, Geophysical Research Letters, 34(6).
  • Fischer, E.M., S. Seneviratne, P. Vidale, D. Luthi, and C. Schär (2007b), Soil moisture - Atmosphere interactions during the 2003 European summer heat wave, Journal of Climate, 20(20), 5081-5099.
  • Fischer, E.M., J. Luterbacher, E. Zorita, S. Tett, C. Casty, and H. Wanner (2007c), European climate response to tropical volcanic eruptions over the last half millennium, Geophysical Research Letters, 34(5).
  • Luterbacher, J., et al. (2006), Mediterranean Climate Variability over the Last Centuries: A Review, Mediterranean Climate Variability, 4, 27-148.
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